The History of Mountaineering has a lot great achievements. Here is some important and iconic ascents. Not all :-), but in future will be more.
In text you will see a lot of links to polish website drytooling.com.pl. It is my another website, about winter climbing. There is lot of climbing stuff :-) and off course you have google translate. Enjoy!
1760, 21 Dec - Alpinism is "invented". Genevan naturalist Horace Bénédict de Saussure offered a large reward to anyone who could find the way up Mont Blanc
1786, 8 Aug - The first ascent of Mont Blanc. Jaques Balmat & Michel Piccard conquerd
1809 - First female ascent of Mont Blanc (Marie Paradis).
1821 - Chamonix guides company established . First guides’ association in the world.
1857 - The Alpine Club was founded in London due to it's popularity amongst Britains "elite".
1864 - The start of the Golden Age of Climbing . An English designer Edward Whymper and Michel Croz a trainee guide, accomplished three 1st ascents in one week; The Col de Triolet, L'Aiguille de Treletete and the L'Aiguille d'Argentiere. He made a further half dozen first ascents in Europe and the Americas over the following 5 years.
1865, 14 Jul - First ascent on Matterhorn (Edward Whymper, Michel Croz, Lord Francis Douglas, Charles Hudson, Douglas Hadow, Peter Taugwalder, Peter Taugwalder (son)
1888 - First ascent on Ushba (John Garford Cockin, Ulrich Almer)
1892 - Himalaya Exploration . Conway of Allington explored the Karakorum range Himalayas.
1897, 14 Jan - First ascent on Aconcagua (Matthias Zurbriggen)
1931, 31 Jul-1 Aug – First ascent on north face of Matterhorn (Franz Schmid, Toni Schmid).
1935 - First ascent on north face of Grandes Jorasses (Meier/Peters)
1938, 24 Jul - First ascent on north face of Eiger (Heinrich Harrer, Fritz Kasparek, Ludwig Vörg, Anderl Heckmair)
1950, 3 Jun - First ascent on Annapurna (Maurice Herzog, Louise Lachenal). That was first ascent on eight-thousander
1950 - First ascent on north face of Eiger in one day (18 hours. Leo Forstenlechner and Erich Wascak).
1953, 29 May – First ascent on Mount Everest (Edmund Hillary, Tenzing Norgay).
1954, 31 Jul - First ascent on K2 (Achille Compagnoni, Lino Lacedelli).
1961, 6-12 Mar - First winter ascent on north face of Eiger (Toni Kinshofer, Anderl Mannhardt, Walter Almberger, Toni Hiebeler).
1962 – First winter ascent on north face of Matterhorn.
1965, 18-22 Feb - Walter Bonatti send new route on north face of Matterhorn (solo in winter).
1966, 17 Dec - First ascent on Mount Vinson (Barry Corbet, John Evans, Bill Long and Pete Schoening)
1974 -First - unquestioned - ascent on Cerro Torre (Daniele Chiappa, Mario Conti, Casimiro Ferrari, Pino Negri).
1974 - Time record on north face of Eiger (10 hours, Reinhold Messner, Peter Habeler)
1976 - New route on north face Grandes Jorasses, Colton-MacIntyre (VI 6, A1, 90°, 1150 m). Alex MacIntyre, Nick Colton use two ice axes, and front point crampons. This technique was very fast.
1977 - First ascent on Trango Towers.
1978, 8 May – First ascent on Mount Everest without bottled oxygen (Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler). Two years later Messner returned to climb Everest completely alone and without oxygen.
1979 - British ascent on Kangchenjunga (Dough Scott, Joe Tasker, Peter Boardman, Georges Bettembourg). Alpine style, new route. Earlier no one think about that style in high mountains.
1980, 17 Feb – First winter ascent on Mount Everest, by polish national expedition (Leszek Cichy and Krzysztof Wielicki).
1984 - First ascent on eight-thousander in one day (Krzysztof Wielicki, 21,5 hours base-peak-base).
1985 - First ascent on west face of Gasherbrum IV (Wojtek Kurtyka, Robert Schauer). One of the best alpine ascent in high mountains.
1986 – Reinhold Messner complete all 14 eight-thousanders ascents.
1986 - Tragic year on K2, on 40 climbers died 13.
1987 – Jerzy Kukuczka became the second climber to accomplish all 14 eight-thousanders ascents, but in better style (eight years (1979-1987, Messner 16 years), on 9 peaks he send new route, 4 ascents in winter!).
1988 - Maciej Berbeka is first climber who ascend 8000 meters in Karakorum in winter (Rocky Summit on Broad Peak)
1990 - First route on south face of Lhotse (Russian team: Siergiej Bierszow, Vladimir Karatajew)
1995 - Reinhold Messner started with project MMM (Messner Mountain Museum).
1997 - First ascent on west face of Latok II. Aleksander Huber, Thomas Huber, Toni Gutsch and Conrad Anker.
1999 - Denis Urubko in 42 days ascent 5 seven-thousanders of ZSSR, and became "Snow Leopard".
2004 - Steve House send solo new route on south face of K7 (41 hours from base to base).
2010, 17 May - First woman to climb all of the fourteen eight-thousander peaks in the World (Edurne Pasaban).
2011, 23 Aug - Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner complete all of the fourteen eight-thousander, without bottled oxygen.
2011, 20 Apr – New record on north face of Eiger. Dani Arnold do Heckmair Route in 2:28.
2012, 19 Jan - Free climbing on Compressor Route on Cerro Torre. Zespół: David Lama, Peter Ortner.
2012, 15 Jul - First ascent on Mazeno Ridge on Nanga Parbat (Sandy Allan, Rick Allen).
2012 - Robert Jasper send Ironman M/D14+ in Eptingen